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Last updated 6/28/2022 at 3:56pm | View PDF

The History Channel

* On June 29, 1967, actress Jayne Mansfield is killed instantly when the car she’s riding in strikes the rear of a trailer truck on I-90 east of New Orleans. Her three children, asleep on the back seat, survived.

* On June 30, 1971, the three Soviet cosmonauts who served as the first crew of the world’s first space station die when their spacecraft depressurizes during re-entry and a critical valve opens.

* On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong reverts back to Chinese rule in a ceremony attended by numerous Chinese, British and international dignitaries. A policy based on the concept of “one country, two systems” was designed to preserve Hong Kong’s role as a principal capitalist center in Asia.

* On July 2, 1938, Helen Wills Moody defeats Helen Jacobs to win her eighth Wimbledon singles title. Her record stood until Martina Navratilova won her ninth Wimbledon title in 1990.

* On July 3, 1863, the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s last attempt at breaking the Union line ends in disastrous failure, bringing the most decisive battle of the American Civil War to an end. Exhausted, both armies held their positions until the night of July 4, when Lee withdrew.

* On July 4, 1911, record temperatures are set in the northeastern U.S. with the arrival of a deadly heat wave that would go on to kill 380 people. On July 13, New York alone reported 211 people dead from the excessive heat.

* On July 5, 1946, French designer Louis Reard unveils a daring two-piece swimsuit at a popular swimming pool in Paris. Reard dubbed the swimsuit a “bikini,” inspired by a U.S. atomic test that took place off the Bikini Atoll earlier that week.

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