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Last updated 10/25/2022 at 1:25pm | View PDF

The History Channel

* On Oct. 26, 1881, the Earp brothers battle the Clanton-McLaury gang in a shootout in a vacant lot behind the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona. The gunfight only took 30 seconds, but 30 shots were fired and several were killed. Two were charged with murder, but a judge later found them not guilty.

* On Oct. 27, 1904, the New York City subway opens. The line traveled 9.1 miles through 28 stations. More than 100,000 people paid a nickel each to take their first ride. Today there are 26 lines, the longest running 32 miles.

* On Oct. 28, 1998, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act is signed into law. The act strengthened copyright protections and allowed copyright holders to issue “takedown” notices to individuals or companies who engaged in infringing use of a copyrighted work.

* On Oct. 29, 1969, Bobby Seale, a member of the “Chicago Eight,” is gagged during his murder trial on orders of the judge to stop Seale’s outbursts. The “Chicago Eight” were charged with crossing state lines to cause anti-war demonstrations in Chicago. Seale was eventually sentenced to 48 months in prison for the outbursts alone, but the murder portion of his trial ended with a hung jury and the contempt charges were dropped.

* On Oct. 30, 1864, the town of Helena, Montana, is founded by four gold miners at a location they called Last Chance Gulch. Miners flooded to the area by the thousands, finding $19 million in gold in four years. By 1894, Helena was the capital of Montana.

* On October 31, 1955, out of loyalty to the crown, England’s Princess Margaret announced she would not marry Group Captain Peter Townsend. His divorced status would have forced her to give up her royal title, Civil List allowance, and place in the line of succession to the throne.

* On November 1, 1941, Ansel Adams shot a picture of a moonrise over Hernandez, New Mexico, that would become one of photography’s most famous images. Adams made more than 1,300 prints of it during his career including one that sold at a Sotheby’s auction for $609,600 in 2006.

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